Therapeutic framework diabetes essay

Therapeutic framework diabetes essay

Many individuals diagnosed with prediabetes based on glucose testing, in particular IFG, are reclassified as normoglycemic when a HbA1c determination is used. In these endocrine cells, they release pancreatic hormones, such as insulin and glucagon that diffuse into the bloodstream to regulate glucose levels. As of , nearly million people worldwide have diabetes with the three main types being Type 1, Type 2, and gestational. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar. In addition, type 2 diabetes is more common in adults unlike type 1 diabetes which is prevalent amongst young people. It is a lifetime condition that requires careful management to prevent debilitating complications, such as peripheral neuropathy, amputations, diabetic nephropathy, kidney failure, diabetic retinopathy, and blindness. It is the leading cause of heart disease, stroke, adult blindness, and nontraumatic lower limb amputations. Some pills work by lowering insulin resistance while some raise the level of insulin in the blood or decrease the rate of food digestion.

Diabetes refers to a set of several different diseases. Nevertheless, both glucose-based measurements are subject to methodological limitations, particularly in terms of biologic and analytic variability.

type 1 diabetes

Nevertheless, a child from diabetic parents is likely to develop the complication due to genetic inheritance. All types of diabetes result in too much sugar, or glucos in the blood. Dysglycemia characterized by glucose levels not meeting conventional criteria for diabetes but yet higher than normal constitutes the population with prediabetes [ 34 ], a condition that may exist for many years before Type 2 diabetes occurs.

Permanent cure for diabetes

Moreover, HbA1c measurement also has superior methodological attributes when compared with blood glucose, such as minimal intraindividual variability [ 21 , 22 ]. Thus, all three sectors, government, public health and clinical, each have a critical role in this process and by working in a partnership, ought to create the necessary synergies essential for making substantial forays in the prevention of Type 2 diabetes. Insulin is a hormone that is supplied to the body that allows us to efficiently use glucose as fuel. Alternatively, the use of HbA1c may also lead to the reclassification of a considerable number of subjects without IFG to having prediabetes [ 31 ]. Nutritional condition of a mother for the period of fetal growth can as well lead to this condition. People with type I diabetes must take insulin shots in order to survive. The two most common types of diabetes mellitus are known as type 1 and type 2. Dysglycemia characterized by glucose levels not meeting conventional criteria for diabetes but yet higher than normal constitutes the population with prediabetes [ 3 , 4 ], a condition that may exist for many years before Type 2 diabetes occurs. It is projected that the number of individuals with diabetes will almost double by When you eat, your body breaks down your food into simpler forms such as glucose.

Type 2 diabetes is caused by a mixture of lifestyle and hereditary factors. Diabetes is one of the ten leading cause of death in the United States.

theories of diabetes

In addition, type 2 diabetes is more common in adults unlike type 1 diabetes which is prevalent amongst young people. Alternatively, the use of HbA1c may also lead to the reclassification of a considerable number of subjects without IFG to having prediabetes [ 31 ].

Framework for diabetes

Advantages of the FPG include its ease and inexpensiveness with universally available automated instruments. Without insulin, glucose sugar in the blood builds up causing hyperglycemia. This causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. Insulin injection treatment basically raises the insulin level in the blood. This is expected to reach million by , corresponding to 7. Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition in which the body has the inability to produce insulin or react normally to insulin. However, the use of HbA1c as a screening test remains controversial [ 30 ]. In addition, it is the failure of either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. As in , research showed that there are more than thirty-six genes that increase the risk of type 2 diabetes infection. When you eat, your body breaks down your food into simpler forms such as glucose. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar.

Glucose and HbA1c criteria for diagnosing dysglycemic conditions appear to be discrepant as they may be defining different populations at risk for progression to diabetes.

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Type 2 Diabetes