The possible complications and side effects of chemotherapy

Chemo side effects when do they start

Other therapeutic approaches, using cell-based therapies to enhance host immune response to tumors, are also being actively pursued. Neuropathy Neuropathy is nerve pain caused by damaged nerves. Learn more about managing appetite loss. Not enough white blood cells causes a condition called leukopenia. A review of clinical studies on biological markers associated with cognitive impairments in cancer patients during and after chemotherapy by Castel et al. You may have a heavy feeling in your limbs, get worn out quickly, or find it difficult to do daily activities. Cold clear beverages such as soda pop or fruit juices may help, too. If they develop call your nurse or doctor. One of the most startling and exciting changes in cancer treatment over recent years has been the emergence of therapies aimed at enhancing the patient's own immune response to their tumor.

For example, some types of chemotherapy may cause permanent damage to the heart, lung, liver, kidneys, or reproductive system. Contact your cancer care team right away if you have any of the following symptoms during chemo treatment: A fever of Current drugs or other approaches to counteract chemotherapy-induced adverse effects are often incompletely effective, frequently do not address potential longer-term sequelae or may even induce other side-effects which only add to patient discomfort.

Some people find their nails also change and become darker than usual, or develop ridges or white lines across them. These include cells in your blood, mouth, digestive system, and hair follicles.

1st chemo treatment side effects

Your doctor may recommend antibiotics as a precaution against infection. For more information on depression, visit beyondblue. Most side effects are temporary and gradually improve after you have finished treatment. If your eyelashes fall out, wear sunglasses outside to protect your eyes from dust and sun. Learn more about nausea and vomiting. These skin changes will gradually fade when the course of therapy is done. Talk to your health care team about suitable activities for you. Birth control pills may not be appropriate for some women, such as those with breast cancer. However, pre-clinical and clinical studies, of new treatments for CID are described. Most side effects are short-term and can be managed.

Let them know if you experience any symptoms of anaemia while having chemotherapy. These ions damage the DNA of cancer cells so the cells are unable to grow and reproduce. Use a condom during sexual intercourse for the first 48 hours after each dose of chemotherapy because some of the chemotherapy may end up in the sperm.

Consult your doctor before having any dental work done during the time you are receiving chemo. Thus, it is gratifying to include two original studies on this issue, in this Research Topic.

The possible complications and side effects of chemotherapy

They do this by plugging damaged blood vessels and helping blood form clots. It often affects the hands and feet, causing tingling, numbness, and unusual electrical sensations. Hair loss. This is more likely if you have had or are having radiation therapy to the head, neck or chest, or if you have dental or gum problems. Chemotherapy can cause changes in the immune system that trigger rashes and other skin changes. These may include damage to your heart, lungs, nerve endings, kidneys, or reproductive organs. Most side effects are temporary and gradually improve after you have finished treatment. Some scientists believe that taking high doses of antioxidants during treatment may make chemo or radiation less effective. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy CIPN is caused by many anti-cancer drugs including platinum-based agents, vinca alkaloids, taxanes, and proteasome and angiogenesis inhibitors. It may come out a little at a time or in large clumps. This works by temporarily reducing the blood flow and the amount of chemotherapy drug that reaches the scalp.

Males Men may have difficulty having or keeping an erection or having an orgasm. These sudden changes can also cause digestive problems. Sex and fertility Chemotherapy can have an impact on your desire libido or ability to have sex. Hair is growing all the time.

how long do chemo side effects last

Some chemo drugs may even increase your risk for heart attack.

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Chemotherapy Side Effects: 18 Ways Chemo Affects You