From scribbles to scrabble: preschool children's developing knowledge of written language. As a result, assessments should include formative and summative assessments from all these kinds of readers.
Toward a Broader Model: Writing as Participation in Social Action At present, writing development remains ill-defined and difficult to assess. Various schemes for analyzing specific spelling, punctuation, and usage errors have also been proposed, though in practice patterns of errors have been too topic specific to be very useful as achievement measures cf.
Because there are many such conversations that are important in our social and cultural world, writing development may in turn become a matter of developing a voice in a wider array of conversations, and learning to make one's contribution in increasingly powerful and effective ways.
Relation between phonological development and writing initial learning in different socio-educational settings. Language development: Kindergarten through grade twelve Research Report Teacher reports were available only for 8th grade instruction, but student reports at grades 4, 8, and 12 similarly suggest more use of writing process activities than the Applebee study had found.